What is BHB?
Beta-Hydroxybutyrate (BHB) is naturally ketone body that is produced when free fatty acids are broken down in the liver. The other two types of Ketone bodies are acetoacetate (AcAc) and acetone. Ketones provide pure energy to fuel the human brain and other tissues. The elevation in ketones in your blood have been a rapidly emerging area of research and studies are continuing to show improvements in performance, brown adipose tissue, and several other possible applications.
Beta-hydroxybutyrate is also known as beta-hydroxybutyric acid or 3-hydroxybutyrate. It's an organic compound with the formula C4H803.
Under the umbrella of ketones in human metabolism, BHB is considered one of the three “physiological” ketone bodies produced and burned in our cells.
Benefits of BHB
1.BHB Provides Natural, Clean Energy
2. As the main ketone body, BHB acts as an energy source. Through ketolysis, ketones are broken down using aerobic respiration inside the mitochondria. Ketolysis occurs throughout all tissues in the body except the liver (because the liver doesn’t contain one of the key enzymes for ketone oxidation).
When BHB enters the mitochondria of the cell, it’s converted to acetoacetate, after which it undergoes a reaction where CoA is added. The result is acetoacetyl-CoA, which is cleaved to form acetone and acetyl-CoA.
3. The acetyl-CoA progresses into the Krebs cycle and results in the production of ATP, which as you know, is the energy needed for the cellular functions.
Ketones are clean-burning because they reduce the production of potentially harmful reactive oxygen species (ROS) inside cells. They're also able to scavenge (clean up) ROS produced by other metabolic processes.